At Modern Treasury, we define Payment Operations as the workflows that move money for companies. This includes initiating transactions, processing approvals, and managing problems.
Payment operations has been a scaling challenge for decades. Above is an image from 1951, when Heinz Company products were becoming familiar in markets all over the world, and hundreds of accountants were required to help manage the increasing volume of transactions. 
At LendingHome, I watched these tasks develop into a whole dedicated team. As a lending business, we worked with investors and borrowers who made transactions every day. The volume and frequency meant we needed a team focused on the payments coming in and out. The role also required exception handling, customer service, compliance, and accounting processes.
Payment Operations exist at many types of companies. Our team sometimes uses the shorthand “B2B payments,” to refer to this type of payment, although many B2B transactions are ultimately in service of a consumer, such as managing an escrow account.
The defining characteristic of these companies is that moving money is core to their product.
Examining job postings is one lens to understanding what Payment Operations is. A search for “payment operations” on Indeed.com yields almost three times as many job postings as one for “accountant.”
So it’s surprising that we don’t often hear about “Payment Operations” or “Payment Ops” as a career category. Why are so many companies looking to fill those roles? And what do all these people do?
I started digging into Payment Operations job descriptions to better understand the role:
- A bank in Wisconsin is hiring a loan servicing manager. This person will focus on collecting payments, posting them promptly, and ensuring that exceptions are handled correctly. An exception might involve a borrower who over or underpaid a monthly payment. The payment ops team would need to decide what to do next. Refund the borrower, credit the amount to the next payment, or follow up with the customer to collect more funds. 
- The retailer JCrew is looking for a “Cash Manager - Treasury Operations.” This person would help with timely and accurate ACH/wire transactions between store bank accounts, track and reconcile daily receipts, and ensure the smooth running of the business. Not only does this retailer have hundreds of stores, they likely have hundreds of bank accounts. Many people in the company rely on the bank accounts to reflect the daily performance of each store, from accounting to supply chain to GMs. 
- A non-profit health system in Hawaii is hiring a Supervisor to oversee Payment Posting across four hospitals and 49 outpatient clinics. The role oversees a team that takes care of all collections, payment posting, and reconciliation. The healthcare billing system is particularly complex since it involves third-party payers like insurance companies and the regular customer service required to perform payment operations. 
- Playstation is searching for a Manager of its Global Payment Operations team. The company’s main product is a video game platform. The payment ops team handles making sure that domestic and international payments go through. The team’s task is not only the daily reconciliation and settlement of all the payments that normally happen for a business but doing so with unique payment schemes in each country. 
These roles all have one thing in common: they interface with a bank, or in some cases, many banks. And this relationship is the lifeblood of how they do their jobs. It is imperative that each transaction on a statement is understood, reconciled, and if necessary, acted upon on time.
At Modern Treasury, we are focused on making these jobs simpler and easier to do at scale with technology. We are working to automatically reconcile payments, alert when certain payments come in, and create workflows to manage investigations and customer service inquiries. We hope that those who fill these 95,000 jobs will be grateful for the help.
"Accounting Department at H.J. Heinz Company", 1951. https://historicpittsburgh.org/islandora/object/pitt%3AMSP57.B005.F08.I05
URLs for job postings are time-sensitive, so instead of a link here are screenshots of each role.